ST. CATHARINES played an important role in the History of the Underground Railroad in Canada. The city was a vibrant centre of abolitionist activity and because of its reputation as a place of refuge and rest, many escaped slaves made it their last stop on their flights to freedom. Many important Black Historical figures are associated with the city, such as Anthony Burns and Harriet Tubman, the famed Underground Railroad conductor credited with freeing over 300 Blacks from slavery.

The city of St. Catharines is home to two important Churches from the era of the Underground Railroad: The British Methodist Episcopal Church, Salem Chapel, which is associated with the activities of Harriet Tubman, and the Zion Baptist Church, which was the home church of the Reverend Anthony Burns from 1860 until his death in 1862.

The Port Dalhousie region of St. Catharines is also where the famous Emancipation Day celebrations took place commemorating the passing of the 1833 Emancipation Act. The celebration united Blacks from all over the continent who traveled from hundreds of miles away to take part in the festivities.

The city of St. Catharines, located in the region of Niagara, is a popular destination for Canadian tourists and travelers interested in North American Black History.